The CAR’s analysis comprises four components. First; analysis of weapons seized during a four-week period in February and March 2016 by the warships HMAS Darwin, FS Provence, and USS Sirocco, which were operating as part of the multi-national Combined Maritime Forces (CMF). CMF intercepted three dhows transporting weapons in the Arabian Sea. The dhows contained significant quantities of Iranian-manufactured weapons and weapons that plausibly derive from Iranian stockpiles.
Second; in October 2016, CAR also documented military equipment that was recovered in Yemen. A portion of this materiel matches weapons recovered from the seized dhows. Similarly, among the weapons recovered in Yemen included a 2015 Iranian-manufactured Dehlavieh anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) and a Russian-manufactured 9M133-1 Kornet ATGW. The Kornet’s lot number matches those of five Kornets seized by the crew of the FS Provence in March 2016, and its serial number falls within the same sequence. The discovery of weapons in Yemen from the same production run as weapons on board the dhow intercepted by the FS Provence confirms that the weapons originated in Iran and that the dhow's cargo was destined for Yemen.
Third; all three interdictions involved significant weapon seizures. For instance, the dhow intercepted by FS Provence included 2,000 new condition AK pattern assault rifles with serial numbers in sequential order. This suggests, according to CAR analysis, that the rifles derived from a national stockpile, rather than disparate non-state sources. Also, the crews of the FS Provence and HMAS Darwin each seized RPD-pattern light machine guns of suspected North Korean manufacture. Weapons from the same serial number sequence were present on both vessels, which suggest that the materiel derived from the same original consignment.
Fourth; the Iranian shipbuilder, Al Mansoor, manufactured two of the three dhows intercepted by the CMF. Local sources in Puntland, Somalia, report that Al Mansoor vessels have supplied weapons to local markets and used the region’s ports as transshipment points for maritime weapon transfers. According to records maintained by the Iranian Registry for Personal and Deed Organisations, Al Mansoor is located next to an Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) facility. Equally importantly, CAR investigations into the dhow trade around the Horn of Africa suggests the existence of a weapon pipeline extending from Iran to Somalia and Yemen, which involves the transfer, by dhow, of significant quantities of Iranian-manufactured weapons.
The study includes detailed information about the types of weapons seized from the dhows and those recovered from the battleground in Yemen, in addition to their pictures.